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The naming of the town.

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Author Topic: The naming of the town.  (Read 3646 times)
yetion1
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« on: August 12, 2008, 10:11:51 pm »

Jims research again,

                                      Purston Jaglin

As with Featherstone, various spellings of the name of the village occurred

From the Domesday Book 1086 ………………………….. …...Prestone, Preston
From Nomina Villarum &Yorkshire Inquisition 1190………….Preston
From Poll Tax Returns 1379…………………………………….Preston Jakelyn
From the Valor Ecclesisasticus Vol.5 1535……………………..Preston Jakelyn
From a survey of Featherstone 1776…………………………….Preston Jakelin

Purston and Puston Jaglin are later changes to the early name. In the Featherstone Parish registers we find both Purston and Preston from early in the 17th century.
Preston is a very common English place-name and means the “priests enclosure”.
In Old English; preost…..is a priest and tun…..an enclosure or homestead.

The name is obviously derived from the Old English preost..tun, so there must have been a priest in the village prior to the Norman Conquest. There is no documentary evidence to support this although it is known that the Anglo-saxons mapped out England in parishes each with an endowed priest and a place of worship. The thegn or local magistrate gave the land or the endowment. Initially the priest was the private Chaplin attached to the thegns hall but in the course of time later priests became the parson of the parish. It is possible that a priest was attached to the local magnate in Purston. The local priest may have taken up duties in the chapel in Purston founded there by Robert De Preston early in the 12th century. William De Preston his son endowed a chantry in the chapel about 1160.

The additional word, perhaps the name of a local man, may have been added to make it distinctive from other Prestons in the area.
When the name was first noted in the 14th century there was a land owner amongst the local poll tax payers whose name was Thomas De Jacklyn. It is possible that there was a Jacklyn who lived at the Preston from whom the name arose.
The name however does not show in the Preston Jakelyn poll tax return.

As Preston became a natural variation of preost tun it is possible that Purston became a variant of Preston, and Jaglin one of Jakelyn, perhaps by mi-spelling.

The variant Jaglin adds distinction to the name and it is a pity that the full name Purston Jaglin is rarely used now. Is it through laziness or merely a lack of knowledge?
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